4. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Business Combinations [Abstract]|
On June 3, 2019, Super League and SLG Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”), entered into an agreement and plan of merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Framerate, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Framerate”), pursuant to which Framerate merged with and into Merger Sub, with Merger Sub continuing as the surviving corporation (the “Acquisition”). The Acquisition was consummated on June 6, 2019 when the certificate of merger of Merger Sub and Framerate was filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware (the “Effective Date”). As consideration for the Acquisition, the Company ratably paid and/or issued to the former shareholders of Framerate an aggregate of i) $1.5 million paid in cash and ii) $1.0 million paid by the issuance of a total of 134,422 shares of the Company’s common stock, at a price per share of $7.4395 (the “Closing Shares”).
In addition to the issuance of the Closing Shares, the Merger Agreement provides for the issuance of up to an additional $980,000 worth of shares of the Company’s common stock at the same price per share as the Closing Shares (the “Earn-Out Shares”) in the event Framerate achieves certain performance-based milestones during the two-year period following the closing of the Acquisition, or June 6, 2021 (the “Earn-Out”). One-half of the Earn-Out Shares will be issuable on the one-year anniversary of the Effective Date, and the remaining one-half will be issuable on the second anniversary of the Effective Date. The fair value of the Earn-Out on the Effective Date was estimated to be $454,000. In June 2020, we issued an additional 32,936 shares of our common stock to the former shareholders of Framerate in connection with the achievement of certain components of the year-one earn-out related performance milestones.
The Company determined that the Acquisition constitutes a business acquisition as defined by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805, Business Combinations. Accordingly, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the transaction were recorded at their estimated acquisition date fair values, while transaction costs associated with the acquisition were expensed as incurred pursuant to the purchase method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805. Super League’s preliminary purchase price allocation was based on an evaluation of the appropriate fair values and represents management’s best estimate based on available data. Fair values are determined based on the requirements of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”).
The Company hired the former Chief Executive of Framerate (“Framerate Executive”), who was also a selling shareholder of Framerate. Pursuant to the provisions of the Earn-Out included in the Merger Agreement, in the event that the Framerate Executive is terminated for cause or resigns from his employment with the Company at any time on or before the second anniversary of the Effective Date, and any such resignation is without “Good Reason” as such term is defined in his employment agreement, then the maximum amount of any portion of the Earn-Out that has not yet been earned as of the date of resignation shall be reduced by 44.0164%. Under ASC 805, a contingent consideration arrangement in which the payments are automatically forfeited if employment terminates is considered to be compensation for post-combination services, and not acquisition consideration. As such approximately 44% of the estimated fair value of the Earn-Out, or $200,000 was accounted for as deferred compensation expense and being amortized in the statement of operations over the two-year period ending on the second anniversary of the Effective date. The remaining deferred compensation balance, totaling $90,000, was expensed in July 2020 due to the cessation of services.
The Earn-Out arrangement does not meet the liability classification criteria outlined in ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity,” and is both (i) indexed to the Company’s own shares and (ii) classified in shareholders’ equity in the accompanying condensed balance sheet. Equity-classified contingent consideration is measured initially at fair value on the acquisition date and is not remeasured subsequent to initial recognition. As such, the initial value recognized for the Earn-Out on the acquisition date is not adjusted for changes in the fair value of the Earn-Out as of any future settlement date. Subsequent differences between the estimated fair value of the Earn-Out recorded at the acquisition date and the actual amount of Earn-Out paid based on actual performance will be reflected as a charge or credit, as applicable, in the statement of operations.
The following table summarizes the fair value of purchase price consideration paid to acquire Framerate:
The purchase price allocation is based upon an estimate of the fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed by the Company in connection with the acquisition of Framerate, as follows:
The Acquisition was treated for tax purposes as a nontaxable transaction and as such, the historical tax bases of the acquired assets, net operating losses, and other tax attributes of Framerate will carryover. As a result, no new goodwill for tax purposes was be created in connection with the Acquisition as there is no step-up to fair value of the underlying tax bases of the acquired net assets.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef