|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2021
|Note 4. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS||
Acquisition of Mobcrush
On March 9, 2021, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, as amended on April 20, 2021, (the “Mobcrush Merger Agreement”) by and among Mobcrush, the Company, and SLG Merger Sub II, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Co”), which provided for the acquisition of Mobcrush by Super League pursuant to the merger of Merger Co with and into Mobcrush, with Mobcrush as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”).
On June 1, 2021 the “Closing Date”), the Company completed the Merger pursuant to which the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Mobcrush. In accordance with the terms and subject to the conditions of the Mobcrush Merger Agreement: (A) each outstanding share of Mobcrush common stock, par value $0.001 per share ("Mobcrush Common Stock"), and Mobcrush preferred stock, par value $0.001, (other than dissenting shares) was canceled and converted into the right to receive (i) 0.528 shares of the Company's common stock, as determined in the Mobcrush Merger Agreement, and (ii) any cash in lieu of fractional shares of common stock otherwise issuable under the Mobcrush Merger Agreement (the "Merger Consideration"). At closing, the Company issued to the former stockholders of Mobcrush an aggregate total of 12,067,571 shares of the Company’s common stock and reserved an aggregate total of 514,633 shares of common stock for future stock option grants, under the Super League 2014 Stock Option and Incentive Plan, to the former Mobcrush employees retained by the Company in connection with the Merger, resulting in a total of 12,582,204 shares of common stock issued and reserved as consideration for the Merger. Upon completion of the Merger, Mobcrush became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
The Merger was approved by the board of directors of each of the Company and Mobcrush, and was approved by the stockholders of Mobcrush. For purposes of complying with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635, Super League’s stockholders approved the issuance of an aggregate of 12,582,204 shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the Merger.
Transaction costs incurred by the Company relating to the Merger totaled $636,000 and were expensed as incurred in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting.
In accordance with the acquisition method of accounting, the financial results of Super League presented herein include the financial results of Mobcrush from the closing date to the end of the current period presented herein (the "Stub Period"). Total revenues and net loss for Mobcrush operations, for the Stub Period, included in the consolidated statements of operations for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 were $275,000 and $135,000, respectively.
The Company determined that the Mobcrush Merger constitutes a business acquisition as defined by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805, Business Combinations. Accordingly, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the transaction were recorded at their estimated acquisition date fair values, while transaction costs associated with the acquisition were expensed as incurred pursuant to the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805. Super League’s preliminary purchase price allocation was based on an evaluation of the appropriate fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed and represents management’s best estimate based on available data. Fair values are determined based on the requirements of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”).
The following table summarizes the determination of the fair value of the purchase price consideration paid in connection with the Merger:
The fair value of the Company Common Stock used in determining the estimated fair value of the Merger Consideration was $4.96 per share based on the closing price of Company Common Stock on June 1, 2021, as quoted on the Nasdaq Capital Market.
The purchase price allocation was based upon a preliminary estimate of the fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed by the Company in connection with the Merger, as follows:
The following table presents details of the fair values of the acquired intangible assets of Mobcrush:
Aggregated amortization expense for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, related to intangible assets acquired in connection with the Merger, totaled $251,000, respectively. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of the acquired business over the acquisition date fair value of the net assets acquired. Goodwill recorded in connection with the Merger is primarily attributable to expected synergies from combining the operations of Super League and Mobcrush, and also includes residual value attributable to the assembled and trained workforce acquired in the Merger.
Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger, each vested option to acquire shares of Mobcrush common stock held by former Mobcrush employees was exercised so that, at the effective time of the Merger, shares of Mobcrush Common Stock issued upon exercise of these vested options received shares of Company Common Stock issuable as Merger Consideration. Unvested options to acquire shares of Mobcrush common stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the Closing Date were canceled, and a number of options to purchase shares of Company Common Stock were issued to replace the cancelled unvested Mobcrush options in a manner consistent with options historically granted by Super League under the Super League 2014 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (the “Replacement Options”).
Pursuant to the terms of the Mobcrush Merger Agreement, 514,633 shares of the Company's common stock were reserved for Replacement Option grants to the former Mobcrush employees retained by the Company in connection with the Merger. As of June 30, 2021, 415,000 Replacement Options have been granted to former Mobcrush employees retained by the Company, with continued employment required to vest and retain the Replacement Options granted. Under ASC 805, consideration arrangements in which the payments are automatically forfeited if employment terminates is considered to be compensation for post-combination services, and not acquisition consideration. As such, the 514,633 shares of the Company's common stock reserved at closing for future stock option grants to former Mobcrush employees retained by the Company are not included as a component of the consideration paid in connection with the Merger, and will be accounted for pursuant to ASC 718, “Stock based Compensation,” upon grant. Noncash stock compensation expense related to stock options granted pursuant to the terms of the Mobcrush Merger Agreement described above, totaled $40,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.
Management is primarily responsible for determining the fair value of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the Closing Date. Management considered a number of factors, including reference to a preliminary independent analysis of estimated fair values solely for the purpose of allocating the purchase price to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The analysis included a preliminary discounted cash flow analysis which estimated the future net cash flows expected to result from the respective assets acquired as of the Closing Date. A discount rate consistent with the risks associated with achieving the estimated net cash flows was used to estimate the present value of future estimated net cash flows. The Company is in the process of finalizing the estimates and assumptions developed in connection with the independent analysis of estimated fair values of intangible assets acquired solely for the purpose of allocating the purchase price to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Any adjustments to the fair values of intangibles assets acquired, or estimates of economic useful lives of the intangible assets acquired, could impact the carrying value of those assets and related goodwill, as well as the estimates of periodic amortization of intangible assets acquired to be reflected in the statement of operations. In addition, the Company is in the process of finalizing its estimate and analysis of the fair values of certain tax attributes acquired. Any adjustments to the preliminary estimates of tax attributes acquired will increase or decrease the estimated net deferred tax liability recorded in connection with the acquisition method of accounting, with an offsetting adjustment to goodwill.
The Merger was treated for tax purposes as a nontaxable transaction and, as such, the historical tax bases of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities, net operating losses, and other tax attributes of Mobcrush will carryover. As a result, no new tax goodwill was created in connection with the Merger as there is no step-up to fair value of the underlying tax bases of the acquired net assets. The acquisition method of accounting includes the establishment of a net deferred tax asset or liability resulting from book tax basis differences related to assets acquired and liabilities assumed on the date of acquisition. Acquisition date deferred tax assets primarily relate to certain net operating loss carryforwards of Mobcrush. Acquisition date deferred tax liabilities relate to specifically identified non-goodwill intangibles acquired. The estimated net deferred tax liability was determined as follows:
Release of Valuation Allowance. Since inception, the Company maintained a full valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets. The net deferred tax liability resulting from the Merger created a source of income to utilize against the Company’s existing net deferred tax assets. Under the acquisition method of accounting, the impact on the acquiring company's deferred tax assets is recorded outside of acquisition accounting. Accordingly, the valuation allowance on a portion of the Company's net deferred tax assets was released, resulting in an income tax benefit of approximately $3,073,000, recorded as a credit to income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. The offsetting amounts reduced net deferred tax liabilities, $3,073,000 of which reduced the net deferred tax liability established in connection with the application of the acquisition method of accounting for the Merger.
The following unaudited pro forma combined results of operations for the periods presented are provided for illustrative purposes only. The unaudited pro forma combined statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, assume the acquisition occurred as of January 1, 2020. The unaudited pro forma combined financial results do not purport to be indicative of the results of operations for future periods or the results that actually would have been realized had the entities been a single entity during these periods.
Pro forma adjustments primarily relate to the amortization of identifiable intangible assets acquired over the estimated economic useful life as described above, the expensing of stock options issued to former Mobcrush employees acquired in connection with the Merger, the exclusion of interest expense related to convertible debt of Mobcrush not assumed by Super League in connection with the Merger, the exclusion of nonrecurring transaction costs, and the exclusion of amortization and depreciation related to tangible and intangible assets of Mobcrush existing immediately prior to the Merger.
The unaudited pro forma combined statements of operations for the periods presented herein have been adjusted to give effect to pro forma events that are expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results. As such, the income tax benefit related to the release of valuation allowance reflected in the statement of income for the three months ended June 30, 2021, as described above, totaling $3,073,000, is not reflected in the accompanying unaudited pro forma combined statements of income for the periods presented.
Acquisition of Framerate, Inc.
On June 3, 2019, Super League and SLG Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”), entered into an agreement and plan of merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Framerate, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Framerate”), pursuant to which Framerate merged with and into Merger Sub, with Merger Sub continuing as the surviving corporation (the “Framerate Acquisition”). The Framerate Acquisition was consummated on June 6, 2019 when the certificate of merger of Merger Sub and Framerate was filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware (the “Effective Date”). As consideration for the Framerate Acquisition, the Company ratably paid and/or issued to the former shareholders of Framerate an aggregate of i) $1.5 million paid in cash and ii) $1.0 million paid by the issuance of a total of 134,422 shares of the Company’s common stock, at a price per share of $7.4395 (the “Closing Shares”).
In addition to the issuance of the Closing Shares, the Merger Agreement provides for the issuance of up to an additional $980,000 worth of shares of the Company’s common stock at the same price per share as the Closing Shares (the “Earn-Out Shares”) in the event Framerate achieves certain performance-based milestones during the two-year period following the closing of the Acquisition, or June 6, 2021 (the “Earn-Out”). One-half of the Earn-Out Shares will be issuable on the one-year anniversary of the Effective Date, and the remaining one-half will be issuable on the second anniversary of the Effective Date. The fair value of the Earn-Out on the Effective Date was estimated to be $454,000. In June 2020, we issued an additional 32,936 shares of our common stock to the former shareholders of Framerate in connection with the achievement of certain components of the year-one earn-out related performance milestones.
The Company hired the former Chief Executive of Framerate (“Framerate Executive”), who was also a selling shareholder of Framerate. Pursuant to the provisions of the Earn-Out included in the Merger Agreement, in the event that the Framerate Executive is terminated for cause or resigns from his employment with the Company at any time on or before the second anniversary of the Effective Date, and any such resignation is without “Good Reason” as such term is defined in his employment agreement, then the maximum amount of any portion of the Earn-Out that has not yet been earned as of the date of resignation shall be reduced by 44.0164%. Under ASC 805, a contingent consideration arrangement in which the payments are automatically forfeited if employment terminates is considered to be compensation for post-combination services, and not acquisition consideration. As such approximately 44% of the estimated fair value of the Earn-Out, or $200,000 was accounted for as deferred compensation expense and being amortized in the statement of operations over the two-year period ending on the second anniversary of the Effective date. Noncash stock compensation expense related to the compensation component of the contingent consideration was $25,000 and $50,000, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. The remaining deferred compensation balance as of July 1, 2020 was expensed in July 2020 due to the cessation of services.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef